The college admissions process is highly competitive and becoming more so each year. To improve your odds of getting in and receiving the necessary funding to attend, you must know the workings of the admissions process, and how it goes hand-in-hand with the institution’s financial aid strategies.
Colleges are in the business of providing higher education to our nation. The key word here is business. Institutions have a very definite business approach when it comes to offering admission and funding to a prospective student: let’s get the student to attend and the parents to pay all they can!
For example, a college or university will typically offer admission to 3, 4, even 5 times as many students as they need. Why? They know that only a small percentage of those offered admission will actually attend. Colleges want their seats full, and will typically overbook the flight to make sure they are. It’s not good or bad – it’s simply business.
The good news is you can turn the process in your favor by understanding the inner-workings of the process.
You may be wondering why there is so much importance placed on planning your career early in the college preparation process. You may be thinking “can’t I decide on my career later?” Absolutely. Don’t think of it as deciding on a career, but rather exploring your options.
As a high school student, you are certainly not expected to make your final career choice today; however, beginning to explore your interests, abilities, and values will certainly help you weed out those careers that do not interest you or those that may not be best suited for you.
Due to the fact that nearly all colleges specialize in specific areas of study, it is important to have a firm career path before starting your college search.
Without a pre-determined area of study, a student may be forced to change schools in order to accommodate the educational requirements of a chosen major and/or career path. This change will most likely cost the student valuable time and money.
As a student, you should invest the time and effort necessary to pinpoint the particular interests, abilities and values that will form your career choice. Remember that exploring your options now will pay off in the long run.
Highly attractive students are not only offered admission, they are typically offered the most lucrative funding packages to entice their attendance.
Here is a listing of what institutions typically consider when reviewing a student’s application for admission:
Helpful Tip – when you do join clubs and organizations, don’t just be a member, be an active participant! It is far better to be active in two or three activities than to be a member of ten or twelve activities and do nothing.
Nearly every college or university requires prospective students to submit scores from one (or both) of the most widely recognized standardized tests – the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) and the ACT (American College Test). Standardized test scores help institutions better understand how a student compares with the other applicants.
The scores from these tests play an important role in a student’s potential for admission to a college or university. Good test scores make a student more attractive to a school which could result in an increase in the funding offered.
For both the SAT and the ACT, an excellent strategy for maximizing your scores is to take each test multiple times. As a general rule, a student’s score will increase with every test taken. A student can usually decide which score will ultimately be submitted with his or her admission application.
ACT™ Assessment – College Admission and Placement Test
The ACT Assessment tests are used and accepted by virtually all colleges and universities in the United States to help determine a student’s eligibility for admission. The questions on the ACT are curriculum-based. This means that they are directly related to what the student has learned in his or her high school core courses. The following subjects are covered in the tests:
Colleges and universities not only use ACT scores to determine eligibility for admission but also for placement in applicable freshman year courses. It is important to note that many private sector scholarship sponsors also require ACT test scores.
Students may take the ACT Assessment more than once. Many students take the test as a junior and then again as a senior. Remember that most students improve their scores with each successive test.
ACT™ Assessment – Score Reports
Results of the ACT tests are normally mailed to the student about three weeks after the test date. In order to keep all scores confidential, they are not given out to anyone by fax, telephone, or email.
Click here for more information on the ACT.
SAT® Assessment – General Information
The test generally known as the SAT is actually made of two different tests, each designed with a separate result in mind. The SAT I is a reasoning and aptitude test. The SAT II is made up of a series of subject-based tests to determine a student’s knowledge and/or skill level in that particular subject.
SAT® Reasoning Test
The SAT Reasoning Test is a measure of the critical thinking skills you’ll need for academic success in college. The SAT assesses how well you analyze and solve problems – skills you learned in school that you’ll need in college. The SAT is typically taken by high school juniors and seniors.
Each section (Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing) of the SAT is scored on a scale of 200 – 800 with two writing sub-scores for multiple-choice and the essay.
In addition, there is one 25-minute unscored section known as the variable or equating section. This unscored section may be either a critical reading, mathematics, or writing multiple-choice section. This unscored section does NOT count toward the final score, but is used to try out new questions for future editions.
The 25-minute essay is always the first section of the SAT, and the 10-minute multiple-choice writing section is always the final section. The remaining six 25-minute sections may appear in any order, as can the two 20-minute sections.
The SAT is administered seven times throughout the year.
SAT® II – Subject Tests
The SAT II Subject Tests are one-hour long, primarily multiple-choice tests that demonstrate a student’s mastery of a particular academic subject. The SAT II scores not only demonstrate achievements and academic abilities but also serve as a predictor of future performance.
Many colleges require one or more of the SAT II subject tests for admission. Colleges may also use SAT II scores to determine a student’s course selection and/or placement for his or her freshman year.
The best strategy for taking a SAT II Subject test is to schedule testing for the date closest to the end of the high school course that corresponds to the particular subject of the test. This will allow the student to take the test while the information is still fresh in his or her mind, thus giving the student the chance to achieve the best score possible.
SAT® I and SAT® II Score Reports
Score reports are mailed directly to the student approximately three weeks after the original test date. If you requested that your scores be sent to colleges and/or scholarship sponsors, a report will also be sent to them within three weeks after you have taken the test. If you have not received your test score report within eight weeks from the original test date, contact SAT and check the status of your results.
Click here for more information on the SAT.
Preliminary SAT®/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
The PSAT/NMSQT is a program co-sponsored by the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC). The PSAT is a preparatory test for the SAT and should be taken in the student’s high school sophomore or junior year.
The PSAT not only serves as a wonderful warm-up for the SAT, but it also helps determine your eligibility for a National Merit Scholarship.
High school freshmen, sophomores, and juniors are eligible for the PSAT, which may be taken more than once. Only juniors (grade 11) qualify for entry in the National Merit® Scholarship Program.
Click here for more information on the PSAT.